Step 1: Understand the units

Before we begin, it is important to know the basic units of length that we will be working with. In this case, we will be converting from inches to centimeters. 1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters.

Step 2: Write down the given value

In this case, the given value is 5 4 (five inches and four tenths of an inch).

Step 3: Convert to decimal form

To convert the given value into decimal form, we need to multiply the number after the decimal point (four tenths) by 10. This gives us 0.4.

Step 4: Multiply by the conversion factor

Now, we will multiply the decimal form of the given value (0.4) by the conversion factor of 2.54. This will give us the value in centimeters.

0.4 x 2.54 = 1.016

Step 5: Round the answer

We know that 1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters, but our answer is in decimal form. To get the final answer, we need to round it to the nearest centimeter.

1.016 rounds to 1 centimeter.

Step 6: Write the final answer

The final answer is 5 4 inches is equal to 1 centimeter. We have successfully converted the unit from inches to centimeters.

In conclusion, to convert inches to centimeters, we need to multiply the given value by 2.54 and round the answer to the nearest centimeter. It is important to keep track of the units and follow the proper steps to ensure an accurate conversion.