Step 1: Start by writing down the given value of 5 centimeters.

5 cm

Step 2: Use the conversion factor of 1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters. This will act as a guide to convert the given value.

1 inch = 2.54 cm

Step 3: To cancel out the centimeter unit, we need to multiply both sides of the conversion factor by -1.

1 inch x (-1) = 2.54 cm x (-1)

-1 inch = -2.54 cm

Step 4: Multiply both sides of the conversion factor by the given value, 5 cm.

-1 inch x 5 cm = -2.54 cm x 5 cm

-5 inches = -12.7 cm

Step 5: The unit of centimeter is now cancelled out, and we are left with inches. However, the value is still negative, so we need to multiply both sides by -1 again to get a positive value.

-5 inches x (-1) = -12.7 cm x (-1)

5 inches = 12.7 cm

Step 6: Finally, we have the value in inches. We can write the final answer with the unit of measurement.

5 centimeters is equal to 12.7 inches. So, the final answer is,

5 cm = 12.7 inches

Therefore, 5 centimeters is equal to 12.7 inches. You can now confidently convert any given value of centimeters to inches by following these step by step instructions.