To convert 8 cm to inches, you will need to use the conversion factor of 2.54, which is the number of centimeters in one inch. In other words, there are 2.54 centimeters in one inch.

Step 1: Write down the given value, which is 8 cm.

Step 2: Set up a ratio with the given value on one side and the conversion factor on the other side. It will look like this: 8 cm/1 * 2.54/1 inch.

Step 3: Simplify the ratio by canceling out the common unit of centimeters, leaving you with just inches on the right side: 8/1 * 2.54/1 inch.

Step 4: Multiply the numbers across the diagonal: 8 * 2.54 = 20.32.

Step 5: Place the decimal point in the correct position by counting the number of digits in the given value. Since 8 cm has one digit, place the decimal point one place to the right, giving you the final answer of 20.32 inches.

Step 6: Write your final answer with the correct unit. In this case, it will be 20.32 inches.

Congratulations, you have successfully converted 8 cm to inches using the conversion factor of 2.54. Remember, always label your answer with the correct unit to avoid confusion.